Offers of literature (7)

Wolfgang Hermann:

The Postal History of Samoa 1834-1919 (only in German)

The book is the first monograph in German language covering the postal history of Samoa including a chronicle date listing of the history of Samoa. It covers the entire postal history of Samoa 1834-1919 from the early missionaries until the Versailles Peace Agreement.

Postal history commences with the early mail of the missionaries (1834) and continues with mail from the following years, which generally transited via New South Wales, with a description of the express mail of 1877-1881. The latter, also known as “Agar Private Mail”, which also issued postage stamps, ended for financial reasons in 1881. Thereupon, “Municipal Mail” from Apia followed between 1882-1886 with postage stamps acquired, affixed and postmarked at the United States of America Consulate.

In September, 1886, the German Postal Ship Agency opened in Apia, whose German Reichspost Postage Stamps were delivered by the Steamer “Lubeck” of the Australian Branch Line sailing from Sydney to Samoa.

John Davis of New Zealand was appointed Samoan Postmaster on 12 December 1886 by the King of Samoa, Malietoa Laupeda, albeit Samoa did not belong to the Universal Postal Union but was similar to the earlier “Express Mail”, a private mail service. Accordingly, such mail required double-franking in order to be sent to countries belonging to the Universal Postal Union, remaining competition for the German Post Office until 28 February 1900.

After long disputes among the great powers at the time (as described, for example, caused by the role of the German Navy in the Pacific), Samoa became a German Colony on 1 March 1900. Only the smaller eastern islands along with Pago Pago Harbor were given to the United States of America.

The German colonial period extended until 29 August 1914, when New Zealand Soldiers occupied Samoa as a result of World War I and used German postage stamps overprinted “G.R.I.” along with “Pence” and “Shilling” values. New Zealand military fieldpost mail is also covered by the book. Subsequently, three New Zealand postage stamps with a “Samoa” Overprint were issued and used.

The book also includes mail from interned German-Samoans along with mail from the various camps. Deportation of Germans in June 1920 is another subject covered in the book.

Mail from all the aforementioned postal periods is described along with their postmarks, with the book ending on 28 June 1919, when Germany declared its renunciation of its colonies after losing World War I. An index enables search for terms independent of the table of contents listing.

Handbook Publication 7 of the Study Group having the German Title “Die Postgeschichte von Samoa 1834-1919” is a hard-bound 350-page volume containing 550 colored illustrations along with a Bibliography of 196 entities. The book has an introduction in English language.

€ 49,-- (plus shipping)

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